Chilblains (Perniosis) are small red spots on one's skin, they are very itchy. Increasing pains can be felt when they start becoming dark blue because of congestion. Swelling also results. When they dry out they normally leave many cracks on the skin making the person susceptible to infection. They normally affect the feet and the toes especially on areas where bunions, callus and corns are found. It is because these parts of the body are exposed to great pressure (because of tight shoes). Be sure to buy the right size shoe. There should be a thumb width of space between your toes and the end of the shoe. We highly recommend before you think about going down thesurgical route of bunion surgery you should try all the conservative optionsand treatments offered within the Foot Health Profession. Surgery is a serious option and for some theonly route but for the majority of bunion pain sufferers home remedies workwell and prevent and correct bunion and big toe joints so everyday life is painfree. Mangold ointment is a form of alternative or complementary medicine that will reduce the swelling and pain of the soft tissue over a period of 8 weeks. Non steroid anti inflammatory drugs are taken to reduce pain and relieve the swelling. A bone spur is a prominence of the bone that can often cause irritation to the overlying skin. This “spur” can be an irregularity of the shape of the bone or can be a small outgrowth of bone or cartilage. If this prominence or “spur” is in an area that is prone to pressure from shoes or from the ground during walking, it can become symptomatic and begin to cause discomfort. A bone “spur” can exist and cause no discomfort, if it is not in an area that is irritated by pressure from walking, shoes, etc. Finally, some feet have a tendency to slide forward when wearing shoes because the shoe may be too wide or the heel bone is narrow popping the heel out of the shoe. This event causes the toes to grab the ground causing the arch to eventually cramp too. Ouch! Kicking your shoes off and walking barefoot or massaging the arch can help relive the cramping or muscle spasm. Following surgery, full weight bearing with the aid of a specialized shoe/brace is required. However, the time before a patient is able to return to normal footwear and activity will depend on the level of treatment required to correct the deformity. Corns and calluses can cause great discomfort and are actually a very common problem. They can result from improperly fitted shoes, overly dry skin, foot movement or pronation problems and other reasons. Corns and calluses make walking and other similar activities painful and difficult. There are many over the counter remedies, but the problem is most do not work at all or marginally at best. Here is a treatment regimen that really works and is actually used by podiatrists in their offices. Look how happy Janice Dickenson is to be wearing something other than stilettos! (maybe her security guard date has something to do with it as well) The most common symptoms associated with this condition are pain on the side of the foot. Shoes will typically aggravate bunions. Stiff leather shoes or shoes with a tapered toe box are the prime offenders. This is why bunion pain is most common in women whose shoes have a pointed toe box. The bunion site will often be slightly swollen and red from the constant rubbing and irritation of a shoe. Occasionally, corns can develop between the 1st and 2nd toe from the pressure the toes rubbing against each other. This is designed to protect and cushion the bone. Compressing a hardened area of skin on the feet resulting in pain can indicate the presence of corns or calluses. Corns may also get inflamed or infected. Treating corns is important as neglect can lead to problems in the future. Soft corns are regularly confused with athlete's foot, and are found in between toes, especially in between the fourth and fifth toe. Soft corns are often quite painful and are common in people with bunions Many people tend to develop calluses from running and walking excessively, and performing other athletic activities. This is again due to excessive pressure on the foot. Bunions may be caused by foot mechanics that result in too much pressure on the big toe joint. Over time, the constant pressure forces the big toe out of alignment, gradually bending it toward the other toes. An inherited foot type (such as flatfoot), an abnormal foot motion (excessive pronation), and tight-fitting shoes may all contribute to the pressure. Although calluses and corns often are not painful, they can cause pain when you are walking or wearing shoes, and they may make it hard for your feet to fit in your shoes. Any type of pressure applied to the callus or corn, such as squeezing it, can also cause pain. The primary reason why wearing high heels can cause sharp foot pain is that human feet were not designed for high heels. Looking at the other perspective, high heels were not designed for comfort and pain-free walking either. People's feet were created to provide us with balance and strength while we walk or run. However, wearing high heels can change the structure and shape of the feet, which not only causes pain along the way, but may also inhibit proper functioning of feet over time. Medical content reviewed by the Faculty of the Harvard Medical School. Copyright by Harvard University. All rights reserved. Used with permission of StayWell. Much like a corn, a callus is caused from build up in a specific area of the feet. Pressure is caused when wearing a shoe and it can be difficult to walk or get around comfortably. Again, this is something that can be taken care of with treatments at home, but it may be necessary to involve a physician. If you have very hard skin on your feet, try investing in a callous removal product. There are versions which are not full of industrial chemicals. Scholl make one with salicylic acid and camphor.